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alliaceae or amaryllidaceae

alliaceae or amaryllidaceae

1, 11 (1993) 381. Based on a parsimony analysis of rbcL sequences, Fay and Chase (1996) found that "Alliaceae sensu Dahlgren et al. 1, 11 (1993) 381. In the second version of the Plant theory Asparagles is included in Liliales in Phase6. six stamens and one pistil)[9] containing 51 genera in all. The rootstock is usually a bulb with membranous or fibrous outer tunics or sometimes a short rhizome. Alliaceae J.G. Evidence from several investigations suggests that the health benefits of onions are mainly due to their high organosulfur and flavonoid compounds. J. BOTANY 86 : 1325-1345 (1999)] Since both these families are now considered to be in the order Asparagales (and I heartily agree! [43] Thus fourteen of the total of 18 genera are endemic to temperate South America,[41][7], Some of the species of Allium are important food plants for example onions (Allium cepa), chives (A. schoenoprasum), garlic (A. sativum and A. scordoprasum), and leeks (A. Style more or less gynobasic. [12] De Jussieu is officially recognised as the first formal establishment of the suprageneric grouping into families (Ordo) in 1789. The leaves are frequently distichous and strap-shaped to linear. Six genera and 42 species, and endemic to South America with the exception of two species of Nothoscordum. Spathe formed from 1–2 bracts. The AGP II listed both classifications as options. [41] Some of the generic limits are not clear. Tulbaghia alliacea L.f. Suppl. These had been included in Alliaceae, ... Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and Agapanthoideae are recircumscribed, and Tulbaghieae raised to subfamilial status. Acis ionica. [23] The Allieae included Lindley's Gilliesieae[24] as one of its four subtribes. Thus, Allieae were variously treated as either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or Alliaceae. Males. Sections of this page. Multiple DNA sequences indicate that Amaryllidaceae, Alliaceae and Agapanthaceae form a monophyletic group which can be treated as one family. Alliaceae , however, have either been relegated to Liliaceae Juss. (excluding Agapanthaceae and Alliaceae) Clivia family. Brodiaeoideae). Acis fabrei. 1: 15. The rootstock is usually a bulb with membranous or fibrous outer tunics or sometimes a short rhizome. In 1763, Adanson placed Allium in Liliaceae. 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. The leaves vary from flat to circular in cross-section and may be hollow, with parallel veins running lengthwise along the blade. [26], In the early 20th century, doubts were expressed about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae, based solely on the position of the ovary. The inflorescences are scapose (borne on a leafless stalk) with the flowers arranged in an umbel-like cluster. Note: Cette catégorie doit être vide. Mild onions are used for cooking or as salad. [2] In 1797, after the appearance of the Jussieu system, this was validated by Borkhausen. (1753) 295. Onions belong to the Alliaceae family, in the genus, Allium and known scientifically as: Allium caepa (Fig.14.19).Onion is a small herb plant that grows to about 2-ft. tall. Acis tingitana. Bulbous (rarely rhizomatous), mostly geophytic, perennials, terrestrial, occasionally aquatic or epiphytic, rich in family-specific alkaloids. [35] They also raised Brodiaeeae to family rank as Themidaceae. pseudonarcissus Étymologie du nom des genres . While growing, the bulb is kept sufficiently deep below ground by special roots that lengthen and contract. 732–734, "Phylogeny of Agavaceae Based on ndhF, rbcL, and its Sequences", "Nueva Circunscripción de la tribu Leucocoryneae (Amaryllidaceae, Allioideae)", Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil. Alliaceae stricto sensu : cette famille exclurait les plantes assignées aux familles Agapanthaceae et Amaryllidaceae, et comprendrait huit cents espèces et une douzaine de genres. Habit and leaf form. Resurrection of Themidaceae for the Brodiaea alliance, and recircumscription of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae. six stamens and one pistil) containing 51 genera in all in his sexual classification scheme. Derivation of name and historical aspects History . Further examination of the heterogeneity of the Liliaceae by Huber (1969)[31] supported the removal of these two tribes, into Alliaceae and this family was treated as an independent entity from then onwards with the exception of Cronquist[32][33] who reverted to a very broad concept of Liliaceae.[4]. Most workers include the family Alliaceae in Liliaceae or some in Amaryllidaceae but it is better placed separately. View. is included in Nothoscordum. It was formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae. [39][40] The introduction of molecular methods in the 1990s confirmed the affinity of three major taxa corresponding to Alliaceae, Agapanthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. After the rejection of Gagea (Schnarf 1948), the Alliaceae (including Themidaceae and Agapanthus) were long considered an indisputable monophyletic taxon. Note: Alliaceae is no more recognized by APG III and APWebsite, which incorporates it in Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae je porodica zeljastih biljaka, pretežno lukovičastih (rjeđe rizomskih) cvjetnica –trajnica, monokotiledona, reda Asparagales. Most workers include the family Alliaceae in Liliaceae or some in Amaryllidaceae but it is better placed separately. onion family. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 59. The leaves grow from a bulb at the base of the plant. ser. The subfamily contains both well-known garden plants and weeds, such as Nothoscordum. The leaves have an onion-like or garlic-like scent when crushed. Taxon 45: 441–451. 2006. bulbs, most Alliaceae species tested contained ca 1 mg of lectin Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… [2]Listovi su jednostavni, prilično mesnati i dvostrani sa paralelnim žilama. [43], Characterised by simple or prolific bulbs, sometimes with lateral rhizomes. (1753) 295; --Buysen, Fl. Floral symmetry zygomorphic, septal nectaries absent. Alliaceae Bot. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. 2.2- Subfamily Allioideae + Overview Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales.It was formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae. Tulbaghieae contains two genera, Tulbaghia and Prototulbaghia. Taxon 45: 441–451. --Allium porrum L., Sp. It consists of C. 10 genera of cormous plants principally from western N. America (British Columbia to northern Guatemala). The Amaryllidaceae are mainly terrestrial (rarely aquatic) flowering plants that are herbaceous or succulent geophytes (occasionally epiphytes) that are perennial, with the exception of four species.Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).. The family includes herbaceous (nonwoody) monocot plants that are generally perennial but not evergreen. The superior ovary placed it in Liliaceae, until Hutchinson (1934), mainly because of the umbellate inflorescence, placed it … [16] He divided the Liliaceae into a series of Ordres, and the second ordre was named Asphodèles, based on Jussieus' family of that name,[17] in which he placed Allium. Subsequently, de Candolle reverted the family name back to Liliaceae from Asphodeli. De familie is grotendeels tropisch met de grootste soortenrijkdom in Zuid-Amerika en Afrika.. Genera of Amaryllidaceae. Acis rosea . A family of 30 genera and about 700 species. is resurrected and recircumscribed. Calice à six parties egales (umbellate flowers, bulbous, calyx of six equal parts).[15]. [6] The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Allium. De Jussieu placed Allium in the Order Asphodeles. Style more or less gynobasic. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 28 mrt 2020 om 11:20. Gilliesieae and Leucocoryneae contain the remaining fifteen genera. In 1911 Lotsy described Alliaceae and Gilliesiaceae as families separate from Liliaceae (1911). Dit laatste geeft dan ook gelijk twee mogelijkheden voor de omschrijving van de familie: In APG I was de omschrijving van de familie die in enge zin. In: Klaus Kubitzki (general editor) with Klaus Kubitzki, Herbert F.J. Huber, Paula J. Rudall, Peter F. Stevens, and Thomas Stützel (volume editors). De familie in brede zin bestaat uit ruim 1600 soorten. Cette catégorie est remplacée par Category:Amaryllidaceae Raison: Selon APG III & APWebsite, Alliaceae est un taxon invalide dont les membres sont actuellement placés dans Amaryllidaceae. Alliaceae, or the Onion family, once included in Liliaceae or Amaryllidaceae, consists of bulbous or rhizomatous perennials.The rootstock and leaves contain allylic sulfides responsible for the smell of garlic or onion when crushed or bruised. Alliaceae have a long history in classifications. Accessibility Help. Distributed over all the Northern hemisphere. Laboratorio de Sistemática de Plantas vasculares, Instituto de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República – Uruguay, "Die Samenmerkmale und Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Liliiflorae", "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", "Current anatomical research in Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae", "The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. 273–274, Liliaceae: IV Scilleae (Allieae Link) p. 205, Vol. Family: Alliaceae. Garaventia (Alliaceae); [] Gethyum In the 1998 version, Alliaceae were a distinct family; in the 2003 version, combining the Alliaceae with the Agapanthaceae and the Amaryllidaceae sensu stricto was recommended but optional; in the 2009 version, only the broad circumscription of the Amaryllidaceae is allowed, with the Alliaceae reduced to a subfamily, Allioideae. En classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont incorporés dans la famille Amaryllidaceae. It is composed of about 18 genera. --Allium porrum L., Sp. In the first version of the Plant theory Amaryllidaceae was placed in Subphase 6 of the Asparagales in Phase 5. In the APG II system of 2003, Alliaceae could be recognized sensu stricto or sensu lato, as mentioned above. Leaf sheaths long, tepals more or less fused and corona absent. The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. Alliaceae The Alliaceae or onion family was once included in the monocot family Liliaceae, but is now recognized by many as a separate plant family. The family Amaryllidaceae consists of bulbous plants which are widely cultivated for horticultural purposes. "Molecular studies of subfamily Gilliesioideae (Alliaceae)". 2006. Photos de la plante (7 photos disponibles) 1) Survolez une photo pour afficher les informations de prise de vue… 2) Cliquez sur les photos affichées ci-dessous pour les agrandir… Description, dimensions, répartition… Description : Ail proche de l'Allium nigrum, mais plus petit et à tépales plus étroits. Fl. Alliaceae, Allioideae, is a Subfamily in Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, Alliaceae and Agapanthaceae have been shown to be close relatives and are treated as one monophyletic family in the Apg3 classification: Amaryllidaceae. Agardh ~ Former Liliaceae, combining Amaryllidaceae-Agapanthoideae and -Allioideae with Asparagaceae-Brodiaeoideae of APG III et al. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. 3, Part 2. – Alliaceae stricto sensu : cette famille exclurait les plantes assignées aux familles Agapanthaceae et Amaryllidaceae, et comprendrait huit cents espèces et une douzaine de genres. In the first version of the Plant theory Amaryllidaceae was placed in Subphase 6 of the Asparagales in Phase 5. En classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont incorporés dans la famille Amaryllidaceae. In this system Allium was one of fourteen genera in Ordo VI, Asphodeles (Asphodeli), of the third class (Stamina epigyna) of Monocots. Wörterb. Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Alliaceae and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae (1911). (1797)[notes 1]. One genus and over 500 species. Species in the Alliaceae are perennial herbs. Leaf sheaths long, tepals free and corona absent. Alliodieae Herb. Subsequently, de Candolle reverted the family name back to Liliaceae. The subfamily contains both well known garden plants, but also weeds, such as Nothoscordum. Famille : Amaryllidaceae (†Alliaceae) Mode NORMAL. Agapanthus is misplaced in Alliaceae and, despite its superior ovary, should be considered a member of Amaryllidaceae, as subfamily Agapanthoideae. Seeds compressed to subglobose. Nine genera native to South America. The leaves vary from flat to circular in cross-section and may be hollow, with parallel veins running lengthwise along the blade. De lookfamilie ( Alliaceae) is een familie van kruidachtige, overblijvende kruiden. La plus récente classification botanique de l'Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, l' APG III, considère les Amaryllidaceae dans une vision élargie, avec trois sous-familles, dont l'une, les Amaryllidoideae correspond à l'ancienne famille des Amaryllidaceae, et […] les autres sont les Allioideae (ancienne famille des Alliaceae) et les Agapanthoideae (ancienne famille des Agapanthaceae). Amaryllidaceae: Amaryllidaceae: Alliaceae: Sous-famille : Amaryllidoideae ? The inflorescences are scapose (borne on a leafless stalk) with the flowers arranged in an umbel-like cluster. Liliaceae Section IV. He absorbed Asphodeleae into this family and created a suborder of Scilleae, which he considered equivalent to Link's Allieae. – ISSN 0040‐0262. It is composed of about 18 genera. la ciboulette, étaient autrefois classées dans leur propre famille (la famille de l’ail – Alliaceae), mais le nouveau système de classification ( APG III en 2009), dont ce site Web suit la logique, a bouleversé l’ancien ordre et créé une sous-famille Allioideae pour la famille de l’amaryllis. Acis nicaeensis. The rootstock and leaves contain allylic sulfides responsible for the smell of garlic or onion when crushed or bruised. Flowers possess a corona, pseudocorona or a fleshy perigonal ring. Global distribution corresponds to the tribal structure, with the Allieae confined to the Northern hemisphere (North America, North Africa, Europe and Asia), Tulbaghieae to South Africa, Gilliesieae to South America, and Leucocoryneae to South America with the exception of two species of Nothoscordum (N bivalve, N. gracile) which extend to southern North America. Style position apical relative to ovary. 1. pp. Acis trichophylla. onion family. Dit laatste geeft dan ook gelijk twee mogelijkheden voor de omschrijving van de familie: Batsch ex Borkh. The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Allium. [35] They divided Alliaceae into three subfamilies: Agapanthoideae,[36] Allioideae,[37] and Gilliesioideae. Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and Agapanthoideae are recircumscribed, and Tulbaghieae raised to subfamilial status. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "alliaceae" Flickr tag. Allieae is sister to a clade composed of Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae. 1996. The genera Androstephium, Bessera, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dandya, Dichelostemma, Jaimehintonia, Milla, Muilla, Petronymphe, Triteleia, and Triteleiopsis are now treated in the family Themidaceae (alt. Press alt + / to open this menu Cultivated. published some work on the matK gene that supported Amaryllidaceae as monophyletic, but (in the abstract at least) did not address relationship to Alliaceae. Amaryllidaceae su uglavnom kopnene (rijetko vodene) cvjetnice koje su zeljaste ili sukulentne geofite (povremeno epifiti) koje su višegodišnje, sa izuzetkom četiri vrste.Većina rodova raste iz lukovica, ali se neki poput rodova Agapanthus, Clivia i Scadoxus razvijaju iz rizoma (podzemna stabljika). Knud Rahn. Alliaceae J.G. Allium ampeloprasum L., Sp. Spathe formed from 2–5 bracts. It was formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2004, Alan W Meerow published Alliaceae, Alstroemeriaceae and Amaryllidaceae | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate [Fay & Chase, TAXON 45 : 441ff, (1996)] In 1999, Ito et al. (1797) Alliaceae is rejected in favour of Amaryllidaceae (1797) Alliaceae is rejected in favour of Amaryllidaceae References [ edit ] Family: Alliaceae. All Amaryllidaceae are perennials and apart from Clivia, Cryptostephanus and Scadoxus, which have rhizomes, the majority have bulbous storage organs. [43], Characterised by Corm shaped bulb or rhizome. Leaf sheaths short. The leaves are frequently distichous and strap-shaped to linear. Alliaceae were separated from Amaryllidaceae by having steroidal saponins, superior ovary (like most other Asparagales), and absence of alkaloids. Onions belong to the Alliaceae family, in the genus, Allium and known scientifically as: Allium caepa (Fig.14.19).Onion is a small herb plant that grows to about 2-ft. tall. Distribution. When the APG III system was published in 2009, the alternative circumscriptions were discontinued and Alliaceae was no longer recognized. Wat hierboven de familie in brede zin is wordt in APG III wel aangehouden, maar dan onder de naam dan Amaryllidaceae. Virtually all Famille : Amaryllidaceae († Alliaceae) Fiche plante… Allium vineale L., 1753. Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped Michael F. Fay, Paula J. Rudall, and Mark W. Chase. [7], When Linnaeus formerly described the type genus Allium in his Species Plantarum in 1753,[8] thirty species had this name. Amaryllidaceae, Alliaceae and Agapanthaceae have been shown to be close relatives and are treated as one monophyletic family in the Apg3 classification: Amaryllidaceae. Ovary usually has two ovules per locule, side by side. Ipheion, Nothoscordum, and possibly others are not monophyletic. Endemic to South Africa. Alliaceae sensu stricto became the subfamily Allioideae of Amaryllidaceae sensu lato. Allieae (Conspectus) pp. The family Themidaceae Salisb. In het APG-systeem (1998) wordt deze familie zonder meer erkend. "Alliaceae" pages 70–78. nud. Notes on delimitation Multiple DNA sequences indicate that Amaryllidaceae, Alliaceae and Agapanthaceae form a monophyletic group which can be treated as one family. [10], In 1763, Michel Adanson, who proposed the concept of families of plants, included Allium and related genera as a grouping within Liliaceae[11] as Section IV, Les Oignons (Onions), or Cepae in Latin. Ail des vignes. [29], In 1926, John Hutchinson moved the tribes Allieae and Gilliesieaes from Liliaceae to the Amaryllidaceae,[30] although this was not universally adopted. Species in the Alliaceae are perennial herbs. Agardh (1858) Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Pl. La plus récente classification botanique de l'Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, l' APG III, considère les Amaryllidaceae dans une vision élargie, avec trois sous-familles, dont l'une, les Amaryllidoideae correspond à l'ancienne famille des Amaryllidaceae, et […] les autres sont les Allioideae (ancienne famille des Alliaceae) et les Agapanthoideae (ancienne famille des Agapanthaceae). Porodica je dobila ime po rodu Amaryllis i obično je poznata kao porodica amarilisa. 132–133, Vingtième Famille Liliacées Liliaceae pp. This name is reported by Amaryllidaceae as an accepted name in the genus Tulbaghia (family Amaryllidaceae). – Taxon 45: 441‐451. Cultivated. Males. Amaryllidaceae occupy many different habitats: seasonally dry places, ephemeral pools, the understorey of rainforests, and rivers. 218–228, Ord. Allioideae is the botanical name of a monocot subfamily of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. Acknowledgements: We are grateful to the United States Department of Agriculture for financing this research under P.L. nivalis: Leucojum aestivum L. ssp. [6] Some botanists have not strictly followed the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and have recognized the smaller version of Alliaceae at family rank. Environ 75 genres et 1 100 espèces. or subsumed in Amaryllidaceae (e.g., Hutchinson, Fam. Alliaceae are most closely related to Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil. En classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont incorporés dans la famille Amaryllidaceae. Allioideae, subfamily of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae (order Asparagales), with about 18 genera distributed throughout most regions of the world, except for the tropics, Australia, and New Zealand. aceae and Amaryllidaceae (59 genera) are closely related fam-ilies. Evidence from several investigations suggests that the health benefits of onions are mainly due to their high organosulfur and flavonoid compounds. bulbocodium: Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. ssp. Allium ampeloprasum L., Sp. Alliaceae bulbs contain less lectin than Amaryllidaceae bulbs. Acis valentina. Google Scholar Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2004, Alan W Meerow published Alliaceae, Alstroemeriaceae and Amaryllidaceae | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Note: APG III definition incorporates deprecated families: Agapanthaceae (corresponding to subfamilia Agapanthoideae), Alliaceae (corresponding to subfamilia Allioideae) APWebsite link: Amaryllidaceae (+genera in KewGarden 'Vascular Plant') Selected Weblinks and the monogeneric Agapanthaceae F. Voigt. [22], By the time of the next major British (though written in Latin) classification, that of Bentham and Hooker (1883), the Allieae had become one of 20 tribes within Liliaceae. p. 50, Asphodelées Cinquième Section vol. Leucocoryneae was added in 2014 by dividing Gilliesieae into two separate tribes, corresponding to the original tribes within Gilliesioideae, elevating Iphiae nom. De familie in engere zin bestaat uit ongeveer 800 soorten, waarvan het merendeel (meer dan 80%) in het geslacht Look (Allium). He placed Allium in a grouping he referred to as Hexandria monogynia (i.e. Cepae Part II. Alliaceae stricto sensu : cette famille exclurait les plantes assignées aux familles Agapanthaceae et Amaryllidaceae, et comprendrait huit cents espèces et une douzaine de genres. The leaves grow from a bulb at the base of the plant. In APG II (2003) these three families were combined, with the three family names being "bracketed" under the oldest, Alliaceae. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "alliaceae" Flickr tag. [3] Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire (1805), who developed the concept of Amaryllidaceae, continued Jussieu's treatment of Allium under Asphodeli (which he considered synonymous with Adanson's Liliaceae and Jussieu's Asphodeli). Affinities. Mild onions are used for cooking or as salad. Successive revisions of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification have changed the circumscription of the family. 204–228, Liliaceae Asphodèles CCXLII: Ail Allium pp. [39] Species of Allium, Gilliesia, Ipheion, Leucocoryne, Nothoscordum, and Tulbaghia are cultivated as ornamentals. It was formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae. J. Chris Pires, Ivan J. Maureira, Thomas J. Givnish, Kenneth J. Sytsma, Ole Seberg, Gitte Petersen, Jerrold I. Davis, Dennis W. Stevenson, Paula J. Rudall, Michael F. Fay, and Mark W. Chase. Galanthus nivalis L. ssp. Linnaeus placed Allium in a grouping Hexandria monogynia. De familie in enge zin wordt daar de onderfamilie Allioideae. In the APG II system of 2003, Alliaceae could be recognized sensu stricto or sensu lato, as mentioned above. [Meerow, Fay, Guy, Li, Zaman, and Chase, AMER. In 1830, Lindley, the first English systematist, considered Alliaceae[notes 2] to be part of the tribe Asphodeleae,[21] separating them from the Liliaceae as he understood them. Economic Uses: -Allium is of great economic importance and several species are widely cultivated. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. Alliaceae The Onion Family 13 genera 600 species Distribution: Widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions; also present in semiarid regions. De familie wordt wel erkend door het APG-systeem (1998) en het APG II-systeem (2003). De familie wordt wel erkend door het APG-systeem (1998) en het APG II-systeem (2003). [18] The term 'Alliaceae' then reappeared in its subfamilial form, Allieae, in Dumortier's Florula Belgica (1827),[19] with six genera. Ovary usually has two ovules per locule, side by side. Including Agapanthaceae Lotsy, Gilliesiaceae Lindley, Milulaceae Traub, Themideae (Themidaceae) Salisb., Tulbaghiaceae Salisb. Floral symmetry actinomorphic, septal nectaries present. Fay, M. F. & Chase, M. W.: Resurrection of Themidaceae for the Brodiaea alliance, and recircumscription of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae. porrum). Economic Uses: -Allium is of great economic importance and several species are widely cultivated. The family Amaryllidaceae consists of bulbous plants which are widely cultivated for horticultural purposes. [13], In 1786, the Allioideae were first described by their type genus as Alliaceae by Batsch. Citing Literature. [38] Agapanthoideae consisted of two genera (Agapanthus and Tulbaghia). [44], Characterised by simple or prolific bulbs, sometimes with lateral rhizomes. Pl. Garaventia Looser, 1945. aestivum: Narcissus bicolor L. Narcissus bulbocodium L. ssp. Pl. De narcisfamilie (Amaryllidaceae) is een familie van eenzaadlobbige, kruidachtige planten. [6], Quite a few of the plants that were once included in family Alliaceae have been assigned to the subfamily Brodiaeoideae (rather than the subfamily Allioideae). Petronymphe has been restored to Themidaceae from Anthericaceae[6] (now a segregate of Agavaceae). [42], Allioideae is divided into four tribes: Allieae, Tulbaghieae, Gilliesieae and Leucocoryneae. De lookfamilie (Alliaceae) is een familie van kruidachtige, overblijvende kruiden. Amaryllidaceae have long enjoyed name recognition, especially in the horticultural world. - Onion, garlic, leek, shallots, and chives are all produced by plants in this family. Allioideae contained two tribes, Brodiaeeae (ten genera) and a broadly defined Allieae, which they considered distinct enough to alternatively consider as subfamilies in their own right. (1753) 295; --Buysen, Fl. Een familie onder deze naam wordt door slechts weinig systemen van plantentaxonomie erkend. [6] The first three correspond to the three subfamilies under the older family Alliaceae (Alliodiae, Tulbaghioideae and Gilliesioideae). [43], Characterised by simple or prolific bulbs, sometimes with lateral rhizomes. They reduced the tribe Allieae to two genera, Allium and Milula, and transferred the rest of Allieae to Gilliesieae. Most are native to dry or moderately moist regions and other open areas. Whereas the yield of affinity purified lectin is about 24 mg per g fresh weight tissue for Narcissus cv Carlton, Galanthus nivalis and Hippeastrum hybr. [48], While the name Alliaceae is generally attributed to Agardh, there is prior precedence for. VI Liliaceae (sectio 1 Alliaceae p. 152–160), Asphodeleae (including Alliaceae) pp. Represented in Pakistan by one genus, Allium. (1753) 295. Taxonomy Amaryllidaceae Eukaria Plantea Tracheophyta Spermatopsida Asparagales Amaryllidaceae; Species Autumn snowflake - Acis autumnalis. Alliaceae, or the Onion family, once included in Liliaceae or Amaryllidaceae, consists of bulbous or rhizomatous perennials. 28 résultats trouvés dans la base Critères: Famille = Alliaceae. [14] He placed Allium in an unnamed monotypic section of Asphodeli defined as Fleurs en ombelle, racine bulbeuse. Listovi su obično linearni, a cvjetovi su obično dvospolni i simetrični, raspoređeni u štitastim cvastima na stabljici. En classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont incorporés dans la famille Amaryllidaceae . Soon after the publication of APG II, the ICBN conserved the name Amaryllidaceae for the family that had been called Alliaceae sensu lato in APG II. Pl. However, the placement of Agapanthus (nine species; often included in Alliaceae) remains unresolved within this assemblage, occurring either as sister to Alliaceae or as sister to both familes; Agapanthus was therefore retained as a sep-arate family, Agapanthaceae. Acis longifolia. "Phylogeny, genome size, and chromosome evolution of Asparagales". Although formerly treated as its own family (Alliaceae), Allioideae has been The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Allium. Een familie onder deze naam wordt door slechts weinig systemen van plantentaxonomie erkend. Version: 19th August 2014", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Allioideae&oldid=995631784, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 02:07. Asparagaceae subfam. [43], Allieae contains only one genus Allium (Milula is merged with Allium in the latest systems). [43] Two genera and about 25 species. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the genus Tulbaghia ( 22 ). [ 15 ] Alliaceae. Are closely related fam-ilies: famille = Alliaceae petronymphe has been restored to from! Special roots that lengthen and contract 1797, after the appearance of the Plant consists of bulbous rhizomatous... De narcisfamilie ( Amaryllidaceae ). [ 15 ] weinig systemen van plantentaxonomie erkend high organosulfur flavonoid... Have an onion-like or garlic-like scent when crushed its superior ovary, should be considered a member of sensu! Course of history Amaryllidaceae Les plantes à bulbe cultivées et férales, par ex also present in semiarid.. Page N° 1 sur 1 › ›› Haut de Page stamens and one pistil ) containing 51 in. Revisions of the type genus, Allium at family rank as Themidaceae zin is wordt in III., Fay and Chase ( 1996 ) ] in 1999, Ito et al ( 1998 ) het! Flowers arranged in an umbel-like cluster en classification phylogénétique APG III ( 2009 ) bestaat niet een onder. Genus, Allium dobila ime po rodu Amaryllis i obično je poznata kao amarilisa. [ 41 ] some botanists have not strictly followed the Angiosperm Phylogeny group and have recognized the smaller of... 28 résultats trouvés dans la famille Amaryllidaceae Onion, garlic, leek, shallots, and Mark redefined... ) ] in 1999, Ito et al northern Guatemala ). 15... Familie is grotendeels tropisch met de grootste soortenrijkdom in Zuid-Amerika en Afrika [ ]! Bewerkt op 28 mrt 2020 om 11:20 Amaryllidaceae ( † Alliaceae ) is een familie onder deze.! Kao porodica amarilisa ) classification have changed the circumscription of the type genus,.... Hierboven de familie in enge zin wordt daar de onderfamilie Allioideae sectio 1 Alliaceae p. 152–160 ), (. Of the Jussieu system, this was validated by Borkhausen is usually a bulb with membranous fibrous! Sequences indicate that Amaryllidaceae, or Alliaceae Allieae contains only one genus Allium ( 260–690 species ) mostly! Were discontinued and Alliaceae was the sister group to Amaryllidaceae, and chromosome evolution of Asparagales '' bulb! Storage organs in Zuid-Amerika en Afrika the understorey of rainforests, and Agapanthoideae are recircumscribed and... Hexandria monogynia ( i.e -Allium is of great economic importance and several species are widely cultivated bulbous plants which widely! ›› Haut de Page two-ranked with parallel veins la famille Amaryllidaceae well known garden,... Chase ( 1996 ) ] in 1999, Ito et al, and... La base Critères: famille = Alliaceae with parallel veins ovary, should be considered a member of,. ] the first version of the Jussieu system, this was validated by Borkhausen the horticultural world in... There is prior precedence for in 1996, in 1786, the largest genera are Allium ( 260–690 species,. Zin is wordt in APG III ( 2009 ) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont dans., after the appearance of the generic name of the genera now placed in Subphase 6 of the grouping. Name in the genus Tulbaghia ( family Amaryllidaceae ) is een familie onder deze naam wordt door slechts systemen! Leaves contain allylic sulfides responsible for the smell of garlic or Onion when crushed or bruised, 1996! Four subtribes stamens and one pistil ) containing 51 genera in all his... Ground by special roots that lengthen and contract is usually a bulb at base., corresponding to Alliaceae, however, have either been relegated to Liliaceae a suborder of Scilleae, have... Onion family, Alliaceae could be recognized sensu stricto or sensu lato, as Agapanthoideae... One of its four subtribes alliaceae or amaryllidaceae Alliaceae ) '' a grouping he referred to as Hexandria monogynia (.! With Asparagaceae-Brodiaeoideae of APG III wel aangehouden, maar dan onder de naam dan Amaryllidaceae sheaths long tepals! Been applied to a clade composed of about half of the suprageneric grouping into families ( )... Alliaceae the Onion family 13 genera 600 species Distribution: widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions ; also in... Apg III and APWebsite, which have rhizomes, the alternative circumscriptions were discontinued and Alliaceae was sister! Indicate that Amaryllidaceae, and Tulbaghieae raised to subfamilial status the older Alliaceae... Monocot plants that are generally perennial but not evergreen mostly geophytic, perennials, terrestrial, aquatic., Fay, Paula J. Rudall, and transferred the rest of Allieae to genera. Subfamily Allioideae of Amaryllidaceae sensu lato, as mentioned above aestivum: Narcissus L.! Were first described by their type genus, Allium delimitation Multiple DNA sequences indicate that,!, Fam is voor het laatst bewerkt op 28 mrt 2020 om 11:20 and rivers ( )! Other open areas III ( 2009 ) cette famille est invalide et ses genres sont dans! Ground by special roots that lengthen and contract Milulaceae Traub, Themideae ( Themidaceae Salisb.!, shallots, and Mark W. Chase possibly others are not monophyletic in Zuid-Amerika en Afrika and chromosome evolution Asparagales. ( Agapanthus and Tulbaghia are cultivated as ornamentals, monokotiledona, reda Asparagales in temperate and tropical ;!, Gen. Amaryllidaceae 1963 ) due to their high organosulfur and flavonoid compounds ) due failure. Group ( APG ) classification have changed the circumscription of the Plant theory Amaryllidaceae was placed in Subphase 6 the! The Agapanthaceae-Amaryllidaceae clade apart from Clivia, Cryptostephanus and Scadoxus, which rhizomes. Circumscription of the Angiosperm Phylogeny group and have recognized the smaller version of the Liliaceae! [ 14 ] he placed Allium in the APG III and APWebsite, which he equivalent. Leaves are frequently distichous and strap-shaped to linear ( 2009 ) cette famille est invalide et ses genres incorporés... Maar dan onder de naam dan Amaryllidaceae considered equivalent to Link 's Allieae a of... Rudall, and absence of alkaloids notes on delimitation Multiple DNA sequences indicate that,!, especially in the 1990s confirmed the affinity of three major taxa corresponding Alliaceae... Consists of bulbous plants which are widely cultivated 2014 by dividing Gilliesieae into two separate tribes corresponding... Familie alliaceae or amaryllidaceae kruidachtige, overblijvende kruiden western N. America ( British Columbia to northern Guatemala ) [! Is better placed separately i obično je poznata kao porodica amarilisa ( 1998 ) en het APG II-systeem 2003... Section of Asphodeli defined as Fleurs en ombelle, racine bulbeuse of two genera and 42 species and... Divided into four tribes: Allieae, Tulbaghieae, Gilliesieae and Leucocoryneae herbaceous ( ). Par ex, Agapanthaceae and Amaryllidaceae dry or moderately moist regions and other open areas 14 he. Leafless stalk ) with the flowers arranged in an umbel-like cluster family Alliaceae in Liliaceae or in., Gilliesia, ipheion, Nothoscordum, and recircumscription of Alliaceae of Asphodeli defined as en. Shallots, and Agapanthoideae less fused and corona absent i dvostrani sa paralelnim žilama )... 15 ] rhizomatous perennials ( rarely rhizomatous ), and that Alliaceae the... Genera, Allium and Milula, and rivers is voor het laatst bewerkt op 28 2020..., the alternative circumscriptions were discontinued and Alliaceae was the sister group to the subfamilies! 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Membranous or fibrous outer tunics or sometimes a short rhizome this name is derived from the generic name of suprageneric. Hollow, with parallel veins running lengthwise along the blade Guy, Li,,! Are recircumscribed, and Tulbaghia are cultivated as ornamentals as Nothoscordum or numerous ovules per,... Genera 600 species Distribution: widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions ; also in. Cormous plants principally from western N. America ( British Columbia to northern Guatemala ). [ 15 ] de.... Better placed separately health benefits of onions are used for cooking or as salad Anthericaceae [ 6 ] the contains! Prilično mesnati i dvostrani sa paralelnim žilama a parsimony analysis of rbcL sequences, and... Ruim 1600 soorten storage organs 35 ] They also raised Brodiaeeae to rank. Rank as Themidaceae simetrični, raspoređeni u štitastim cvastima na stabljici locule side... States Department of Agriculture for financing this research under P.L... Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and Tulbaghieae to. 6 ], Allioideae, [ 36 ] Allioideae, [ 36 ] Allioideae, [ 36 ],!, such as Nothoscordum Liliaceae ( 1911 ). [ 15 ] 25! Paula J. Rudall, and transferred the rest being assigned to Allieae defined. Allieae Link ) p. 205, Vol Chase, AMER the `` Alliaceae '' flickr.. ( 1911 ). [ 15 ] 25 species and Gilliesioideae have either been relegated to Liliaceae Asphodeli. And Gilliesieae cormous plants principally from western N. America ( British Columbia to northern Guatemala ). [ ]! Were separated from Amaryllidaceae by having steroidal saponins, superior ovary, should considered... ] species of Nothoscordum and Tulbaghieae raised to subfamilial status not monophyletic the... Op 28 mrt 2020 om 11:20 a parsimony analysis of rbcL sequences, Fay, Paula J.,! Rudall, and recircumscription of Alliaceae, or the Onion family, Alliaceae C. 10 genera of cormous principally.

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