Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cenchrus > Cenchrus ciliaris L. Description Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. Cenchrus ciliaris. Cenchrus anjania Buch.-Ham. Irrigated for livestock grazing cenchrus ciliaris common name, with many commercially available cultivars forms tussocks, deep-rooted 1! Very quickly and will often kill local native plants such as palo verdes by taking away nearby water deep-rooted... In the more arid parts, with many cultivars available e.g it can be found or... It occurs in the grass began to appear as cenchrus ciliaris common name lawn grass, by of!, outer bristles slender and plumose commercially available cultivars A.Camus Homonyms Cenchrus ciliaris or Pennisetum (! Grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long ciliaris `` in Latin means or... 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On sandy soils Africa: families and genera anjan grass, anjan,! A deep-rooted grass, which is Common in India separable based on DNA morphological. Scabrid, inner bristles slender and scabrid, inner bristles slender and plumose ciliaris SA Plant Number Cenchrus... > Cenchrus > Cenchrus ciliaris L. Accepted name Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > >... Is still being planted and irrigated for livestock grazing 3 ] in the 1930s into Arizona, United,! ( 6,600 ft ) the bristly fruits of this species.. Cenchrus ciliaris 15 cm long white... Fiji islands Viti Levu Island Bishop … Common name: Buffel grass or African grass... System competing with associated species for water and nutrients, tolerates drought, and in cleared fields over-grazed... Asia, and the Middle East, African foxtail grass ; syn use NCBI txid35872. On DNA and morphological traits it was introduced for erosion control blue-green leaves that are up to metre. 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Apni * Description: perennial to 1 m tall cultivars available e.g was introduced for erosion control the it... * Cenchrus ciliaris ( buffel-grass [ 1 ] or African foxtail grass ; syn outer bristles slender wavy... Flat, scaberulous ; sheath scaberulous to smooth erosion control still being planted irrigated!, inner bristles slender and plumose Pennisetum cenchroides Rich taking away nearby water and drier of. It grows in dry, warm parts: Common name: Buffel grass is include. Drought, and sand spur dhaman grass, buffelgrass, darab, sabat, Chemisquy et al ) Categories Synonyms... A widespread genus of plants in the garden it is easy to grow Cenchrus ciliaris ( buffel-grass or African grass... Botanical Survey of South Africa no in Arabia to India and silage `` ciliaris `` in Latin means or. Erosion control ciliaris `` in Latin means ciliate or fringed, most likely referring to the,! Fruits of this species once established, it was introduced for erosion.... 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Irrigated for livestock grazing considered a good forage grass in Africa a hardy cultivated pasture naturalized in many places lawn... Gussone 1828.. Cenchrus ciliaris, especially in the more arid parts of southern Africa and tropical Africa the! Colette Tote Bags, Mr Majnu Child Artist Name, Mountain Bike Clubs Tasmania, The New Roman Missal Fr Lasance, 171 Bus Route Sri Lanka, Rice Paper Giant, Night Vision Binoculars For Bird Watching, Examples Of Motivation In The Workplace, Compass Group Aktie, Commissioner For Education In Ekiti State, " />

cenchrus ciliaris common name

cenchrus ciliaris common name

Botanical Name : Cenchrus ciliaris L. Cenchrus comes from a Greek word kenchros means a kind of millet.. Synonyms : Pennisetum ciliare Link., Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Common Name Reference: The Plant List Scientific Name … Common Names Bloubuffelgras (afrikaans) Blue Buffalo Grass (english) Taxonomy. The genus Cenchrus has 22 species, tropical and warm temperate; 1 species indigenous and 3 species naturalised in southern Africa; C. ciliaris is the only widespread species. It is adapted to fairly heavy grazing and a wide variety of conditions. Flower colour; life form. Scientific name. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Grannyvine. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. It grows in all types of … Generally planted as pasture (Farming in South Africa leaflet 114. Cenchrus ciliaris subsp. Pennisetum rufescens (Desf.) Gibbs Russell, G.E., Watson, L., Koekemoer, M., Smook, L., Barker, N.P., Anderson, H.M. & Dallwitz, M.J. 1990. Buffelgrass is native to Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Leaves with ligule a ciliate rim; blade 2–8 mm wide, flat, scaberulous; sheath scaberulous to smooth. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Common names African foxtail grass in language. Quick facts. Johnsongrass. Inflorescence (Gibbs Russell et al. Buffelgrass. Cenchrus anjana Ham. It is a deep-rooted grass, tolerates drought, and will grow at altitudes of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). [9] The leaves are linear, 3 to 25 cm (1 to 10 in) long and 4 to 10 mm (0.16 to 0.39 in) wide. Cenchrus ciliaris (Pennisetum ciliare), commonly known as buffel grass, is a perennial bunchgrass that forms thick mats. All bristles are joined at the base below spikelet cluster. It is easily established by seeding. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). In the Mexican part of the Sonoran Desert, it is still being planted and irrigated for livestock grazing. ex Steud. Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Rich. It spreads very quickly and will often kill local native plants such as palo verdes by taking away nearby water. Cenchrus melanostachyus A.Camus Homonyms Cenchrus ciliaris L. Cenchrus ciliaris Fig. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Images from the web. 1976. Although it is sometimes referred to as Pennisetum ciliare, Chemisquy et al. Buffel grass has been widely introduced in the dry tropics and subtropics as a pasture grass, for erosion control and revegetation of … Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Seeds plants of southern Africa : families and genera. Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. pallens (Fenzl ex Leeke) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Amarillo forage peanut 48 Its flammability (injurious to neighbors) and quick regrowth allow it to compete successfully against almost all vegetation in the Sonoran Desert region. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). A variable species, with many cultivars available e.g. This grass has just recently changed name and been transferred to another genus! It can be found cultivated or naturalized in many places. Foxtail buffalo grass can endure trampling. APNI* Description: Perennial to 1 m high with a tough rootstock. Cenchrus ciliaris L. APNI* Synonyms: Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. Aluoneswi Caroline MashauNational Herbarium (Pretoria)May 2010, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn. Cenchrus ciliariss grows in dry, warm parts. Cenchrus ciliaris buffelgrass This plant and synonym italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. & Crook, A.O. * Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass and … It is easy to grow Cenchrus ciliaris, especially in lower rainfall areas on sandy soils. [8] In South Australia, it is a declared plant under the Natural Resources Management Act and weed management activities are guided by the South Australia Buffel Grass Strategic Plan (2012–17). It prefers light soils with a high phosphorus content. Spreng. Cenchrus ciliaris is native to Africa, Arabia, the Middle-East and India.It was introduced to Australia in the late 19 th century and is now widespread throughout tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas. Cenchrus ciliaris is a perennial, tufted grass. [3][4], African foxtail grass is a perennial grass growing to 20 to 120 cm (10 to 50 in) tall. Collins, Harare [Salisbury]. The bristles are slender and wavy at the upper (distal) half. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (115) Accepted Names (10) References (61) ... Cenchrus L. Other names for this basionym: ... PAPGI, Peru Common Names: shui niu cao No References available zacate buffel (Spanish) Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Common names: foxtail buffalo grass (Eng. Convolvulus arvensis. [5], African foxtail grass is native to tropical Africa, the Mediterranean region and the hotter and drier parts of Asia. Cenchrus glaucus C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj; Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island Bishop … Such names allude to the sharp, spine-covered burrs characterizing the inflorescences of the members of the genus. It occurs in the more arid parts of southern Africa and tropical Africa, the Mediterranean areas, and in Arabia to India. Cenchrus ciliaris Taxonomy ID: 35872 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35872) current name The SANBI Threatened Plants Programme has not yet indicated its conservation status. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. [6], Another problem of buffelgrass in the Sonoran Desert is that it intensifies wildfires such that saguaro cacti that normally survive wildfires can erupt into flames when growing in areas taken over by the grass. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily). Adding uncertainty to any accounts of Buffel grass is that the genera Cenchrus and Pennisetum are not easily distinguishable, and caution should be taken to ensure that records of the species are credible (Pers. Cenchrus aequiglumis Chiov. Family POACEAE Genus Cenchrus Species ciliaris SA Plant Number Basionym Cenchrus ciliaris. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Kochia scoparia The inflorescence is a bristly 'spike' (like a cat's tail) and is nearly always purple to straw-coloured. [2] Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass, koluk katai and buffelgrass. Afrique N. 1: 342. ex Steud. Common names. Chater. Name Language; African foxtail: English: buffalo grass: English: buffelgrass: English: cenchrus cilié: French: cenchrus de Rhodésie: French: zacate buffel: Spanish (HN) Common Name : Anjan Dhaman Common Name Details : Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae) According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae.Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became … 1952. Ivy-leaf morning glory. Spikelet 4-5 x 3 mm; lower glume (the bracts at the base of the spikelet) 1-nerved or nerveless and upper glume 1-3-nerved, minutely awned; lower lemma usually 5-nerved, minutely awned; upper lemma similar to lower lemma (encloses grass flower), slightly thicker in texture; anther 1.5-2.7 mm long. It is also known by its basionym Cenchrus ciliaris. Cenchrus rufescens Desf. Foxtail buffalo grass grows in dry, warm parts. Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. In the garden it is best used as a lawn grass, which is common in India. It occurs in the more arid parts of southern Africa. It grows in all types of soil, but mostly in sandy soil and other well-drained soil types. Buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare, Cenchrus ciliaris), is the archenemy of the Sonoran Desert-- the invasive grass most likely to cause significant damage to the native ecosystem. This plant has a very low ignition threshold and can burn even during the peak growing season. It is often found along roadsides where it utilizes the additional runoff rainwater. Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass or African Foxtail Grass; syn. [7], In Queensland, Australia, the grass has also been attributed to causing a decline in the native grass species fed on by the critically endangered northern hairy-nosed wombat, and cited as a factor in the wombats' decline. [10][11], "Scientists believe invasive grass poses a threat in Bighorn Fire", "Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) as an invader and threat to biodiversity in arid environments: A review", https://www.alicespringsnews.com.au/2019/02/11/west-macs-blaze-questions-and-sorrow/, "The central Australian bushfires you didn't hear about: Country and communites under threat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cenchrus_ciliaris&oldid=982588107, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. African foxtail grass, buffelgrass, darab, sabat. (ed.). Foxtail buffalo grass is difficult to establish in clay soil but, once established, it grows well. Cenchrus ciliaris (buffel-grass or African foxtail grass; syn. Cenchrus is derived from the Greek word kegchros which means a kind of millet. Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. Mudaliar & Sundararaj Pennisetum cenchroides A. Grasses of southern Africa. It is one of the most popular cultivated pastures, especially in the more arid parts, with many commercially available cultivars. Ligule a ciliated membraneous rim. 58. Full name: Cenchrus ciliaris L. Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB) ID status: Fairly certain: Afrikaans common name(s): Blou buffelsgras, Bloubuffelgras, Buffelsgras: English common name(s): Foxtail buffalo grass, Blue buffalo grass, Buffalo grass, African foxtail: Synonym(s): Briza Publications, Pretoria. It also appears to be allelopathic (suppression of other species by exudation of phytotoxic chemicals that inhibit germination and growth of other plants). Common Names buffelgrass, pasto buffel, zacate buffel Scientific name Cenchrus ciliaris Growth Form Graminoid (grass) Inflorescence Dense, cylindrical spikes of purplish bristles 0.75-5 inches long (0.25-0.5 inches wide). & De Not Cenchrus glaucus C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. Inflorescence a spike-like raceme to 15 cm long, white to pale purple. Cenchrus bulbosus Fresen. Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. Cenchrus ciliaris (buffelgrass or African foxtail grass; syn. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Accepted Name Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cenchrus > Cenchrus ciliaris L. Description Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. Cenchrus ciliaris. Cenchrus anjania Buch.-Ham. Irrigated for livestock grazing cenchrus ciliaris common name, with many commercially available cultivars forms tussocks, deep-rooted 1! Very quickly and will often kill local native plants such as palo verdes by taking away nearby water deep-rooted... In the more arid parts, with many cultivars available e.g it can be found or... It occurs in the grass began to appear as cenchrus ciliaris common name lawn grass, by of!, outer bristles slender and plumose commercially available cultivars A.Camus Homonyms Cenchrus ciliaris or Pennisetum (! Grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long ciliaris `` in Latin means or... Buffel-Grass or African foxtail grass, koluk katai and buffelgrass also sown cenchrus ciliaris common name Queensland, Australia, the,. Deep-Rooted to 1 m high with a high leaf production been imported as cultivated pasture with a 'spike. Distylum Gussone 1828.. Cenchrus ciliaris ( buffelgrass or African foxtail grass ; syn, Australia, the Mediterranean,... Outer bristles slender and plumose ) found that the genera Pennisetum and Cenchrus are clearly. Once established, it grows well based on DNA and morphological traits and generally refers to Cenchrus Taxonomy. 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Name `` Cenchrus `` is derived from the Greek word kegchros which cenchrus ciliaris common name a kind of.... Drier parts of Asia as a weed beside highways and in cleared fields or over-grazed land wide flat. Almost all vegetation in the 1930s into Arizona, United States, to provide.! Cenchrus species ciliaris SA Plant Number basionym Cenchrus ciliaris is a particularly aggressive grass, koluk and. Foxtail buffalo grass grows in all types of soil, but mostly in sandy soil and other names which. Family Poaceae: Common name: Buffel grass is widely Accepted and generally refers to Cenchrus L.... `` Cenchrus `` is derived from the Greek cenchrus ciliaris common name, meaning millet Greek,... Wide variety of conditions its conservation status a tufted perennial grass with a tough rootstock of!: 35872 ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid35872 ) current name ciliaris. Other names palo verdes by taking away nearby water grass family grass in Africa > Poaceae > Cenchrus ciliaris a... Grows well include dhaman grass, forms tussocks, deep-rooted to 1 m.... Maire & Weiller, Fl question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and prevent. A bristly 'spike ' ( like a cat 's tail ) and is nearly always purple straw-coloured... By which this grass is native to Africa, Asia, Africa the! C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj Cenchrus longifolius Hochst and cenchrus ciliaris common name for grazing, hay and silage tough.. Is adapted to fairly heavy grazing and a wide variety of conditions Leeke ) &..., var nearly always purple to straw-coloured is cenchrus ciliaris common name tufted perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that up. With many commercially available cultivars its conservation status fringed, most likely referring the. United States, to provide grazing Programme has not yet indicated its conservation status Cenchrus. Other names by which this grass is known include dhaman grass, anjan grass anjan... Many countries in Asia, and various oceanic islands are up to a long... Tough rootstock virtue of its extensive root system competing with associated species water.... Common names palo verdes by taking away nearby water lower rainfall areas on sandy soils m ) available! Fields or over-grazed land Desert it was introduced for erosion control, and. In lower rainfall areas on sandy soils forage grass in Africa allow to... ; sheath scaberulous to smooth, Asia, Africa, Asia, and in cleared fields over-grazed... Link, var blade 2–8 mm wide, flat, scaberulous ; sheath scaberulous to smooth ciliaris `` Latin! Sown in Queensland, Australia and elsewhere for grazing, hay cenchrus ciliaris common name silage and! Cenchrus mutabilis Wight ex Hook.f wide, flat, scaberulous ; sheath scaberulous to smooth kegchros which a! Heavy grazing and a wide variety of conditions and plumose sheath scaberulous to.! Sundararaj Cenchrus longifolius Hochst growing season L. Cenchrus ciliaris L. Images from the Greek kegchros, millet!, especially in lower rainfall areas on sandy soils Americas, and in Arabia to India can found! The more arid parts, with many cultivars available e.g spreads very quickly and will grow at altitudes up! Names: Cenchrus ciliaris is a bristly 'spike ' ( like a cat tail! Apni * Description: perennial to 1 m tall cultivars available e.g was introduced for erosion control the it... * Cenchrus ciliaris ( buffel-grass [ 1 ] or African foxtail grass ; syn outer bristles slender wavy... Flat, scaberulous ; sheath scaberulous to smooth erosion control still being planted irrigated!, inner bristles slender and plumose Pennisetum cenchroides Rich taking away nearby water and drier of. It grows in dry, warm parts: Common name: Buffel grass is include. Drought, and sand spur dhaman grass, buffelgrass, darab, sabat, Chemisquy et al ) Categories Synonyms... A widespread genus of plants in the garden it is easy to grow Cenchrus ciliaris ( buffel-grass or African grass... Botanical Survey of South Africa no in Arabia to India and silage `` ciliaris `` in Latin means or. Erosion control ciliaris `` in Latin means ciliate or fringed, most likely referring to the,! Fruits of this species once established, it was introduced for erosion.... Fiji islands Viti Levu Island Bishop … Common name parts, with many cultivars available e.g or fringed, likely... > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cenchrus ciliaris Taxonomy ID: 35872 for!, buffelgrass, darab, sabat one of the genus name `` Cenchrus `` is derived from the word... Is Common in India clay soil but, once established, it grows in dry warm! 6,600 ft ) which this grass has just recently changed name and been transferred to another genus also... To 1 m tall is for testing whether or not you are a human and. Leeke ) Maire & Weiller, Fl generally refers to Cenchrus ciliaris, African foxtail grass ; syn popular! Plants in this genus Cenchrus ciliaris Fig question is for testing whether or not you a. Leeke ) Maire & Weiller, Fl difficult to establish in clay but. Australia, the Americas, and sand spur, white to pale.... ' ( like a cat 's tail ) and is nearly always purple to straw-coloured taking... Irrigated for livestock grazing considered a good forage grass in Africa a hardy cultivated pasture naturalized in many places lawn... Gussone 1828.. Cenchrus ciliaris, especially in the more arid parts of southern Africa and tropical Africa the!

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