Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the British Royal Air Force and air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada (since Unification) and South Africa. Example sentences with "Air Force wing structure", translation memory add example en • Proactive Disclosure News Release CC-130 Hercules aircraft inspected for cracks NR 03.003 - April 17, 2003 WINNIPEG - The Air Force is inspecting the centre- wing structure of 20 of its 32 CC-130 Hercules aircraft after fatigue cracks were discovered in two aircraft undergoing regularly scheduled overhaul. There are two general types of groups: dependent (operations, logistics, support, medical, or large functional unit); and independent (a group with wing-like functions and responsibilities whose scope and size does not warrant wing-level designation). Each squadron will contain around 20 planes. Several such examples are the Republic of Korea Air Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, the Royal Thai Air Force, the Philippine Air Force, the Peruvian Air Force, the Venezuelan Air Force, the Ecuadorian Air Force and the Brazilian Air Force. The program is established as an organization by Title 10 of the United States Code and its purposes defined by Title 36. (2) except as otherwise directed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of forces assigned to carry out functions of the Secretary of the Air Force specified in section 8013 of this title, shall assign to the combatant commands all such forces assigned to the Air Force Reserve Command under paragraph (1) in the manner specified by the Secretary of Defense. The elevated structure will increase the unit’s detection range for unmanned aerial systems, expediting a response for short-range air defense weapons. Typically, a flight is broken up into 3–4 evenly distributed elements. Learn air force wing with free interactive flashcards. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. The Royal Netherlands Air Force (vliegbasis, Dutch for aviation base or air base), the Portuguese Air Force (base aérea), the Czech Air Force (základna letectva, Czech for air base or aviation base) and the Croatian Air Force (zrakoplovna baza, Croatian for aviation base) use the term air base for regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels in a direct parallel to the wings of other member states. For instance, CFB Trenton in Ontario was redesignated 8 Wing Trenton. Army Air Corps/U.S. In the British Air Training Corps, a wing consists of a number of squadrons within a designated geographical area, usually named after the county in which it is based. A flight is the smallest official capacity in the Air Force and usually ranges from a dozen people to over a hundred, or typically four aircraft. A NAF is directly assigned operational units, such as wings, groups, and squadrons. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a Major Command. In 1915, the Royal Flying Corps had significantly expanded and it was felt necessary to create organizational units which would control two or more squadrons; the term "wing" was re-used for these new organizational units. The Unit’s structure corresponds to a typical Hellenic Air Force (HAF) Wing setup. A wing is comprised of four principle structural components that work together to support and distribute the aerodynamic forces produced during flight. A Squadron is considered to be the basic unit in the USAF. Wing Staff Structure. These air bases are brigade-equivalents commanded by Brigadier generals unlike the air wings of other NATO members, which are regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels. In these air forces a wing is inferior to a group. The several wings assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing's … From World War II onwards, operational flying wings have usually been commanded by group captains (equivalent to colonels), whereas ground-based wings have continued to be commanded by wing commanders. All constituted wings have one, two, or three digits in their numerical designations. Operations Group Structure. CAP also performs non-auxiliary missions for various governmental and private agencies, such as local law enforcement and the American Red Cross. The structure of the United States Air Force refers to the unit designators and organizational hierarchy of the United States Air Force, which starts at the most senior commands. In addition, CAP has recently been tasked with homeland security and courier service missions. "The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. Wing … "Constituted combat wings are always numbered in a single series beginning with Arabic "1st". Air Force Headquarters. In 2006, expeditionary air wings were established at the RAF's main operating bases. Structures section chief, Master Sgt. A FOA performs field activities beyond the scope of any of the major commands. The Air Wing's Commanding Officer is Lieutenant Colonel James Thomas Grech. There were both named and numbered divisions, mostly air divisions. Choose from 500 different sets of air force wing flashcards on Quizlet. (c) Assignment of Forces.— The Secretary of the Air Force—, (1) shall assign to the Air Force Reserve Command all forces of the Air Force Reserve stationed in the continental United States other than forces assigned to the unified combatant command for special operations forces established pursuant to section 167 of this title; and. The typical element leader is a lieutenant. Many of the World War II wings were redesignated as air divisions after the war. Two or more groups in the Air Force form a wing. Civil Air Patrol ("CAP") is a Congressionally chartered, federally supported, non-profit corporation that serves as the official auxiliary of the USAF. Air Force public servants of equivalent air officer rank are; (1*) - SES Band-1/Assistant Secretary, (2*) - SES Band-2/First Assistant Secretary, Deputy Secretary (DEPSEC - 3*), and Secretary (SEC - 4*) The experimental structure, initiated by Gen. Mike Holmes, Air Combat Command commander, directs the 366th Fighter Wing to create an organization that will test possible ways to improve … Structural Components. Air National Guard of the United States units or members may be called up for federal active duty in times of Congressionally sanctioned war or national emergency. In other languages, equivalent air force units equivalent to a US wing include: Geschwader in the German Luftwaffe; Aviatsionniy Polk (Aviation Regiment) in Russia; Stormo in Italy; and escadre or régiment in the French Air Force. 188th Fighter Squadron). The base commander of these bases (as well as other wings whose headquarters were stood up on bases not controlled by Air Command, such as 16 Wing at CFB Borden and 1 Wing at CFB Kingston) were re-designated Wing Commanders (or Wg Comd). The term "direct reporting unit" comes from the fact that the unit reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force or to a designated representative on the Air staff. A major subdivision of the Air Force, the major command (MAJCOM) is directly subordinate to HQ USAF or the Air Staff. The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, this month will start testing a new organizational structure, removing commanders, cutting a group, and realigning maintenance units to make the wing more deployable. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. Wings are made up of one or more groups, consisting of several squadrons, and usually commanded by a colonel, but high visibility wings can have brigadier generals/O-7s in command. Letter designations can be used, such as alpha flight, bravo flight, charlie flight, delta flight, echo flight, foxtrot flight, et cetera. The Royal Air Force's (RAF) command structure remains complex and takes some explaining. There is only one wing on an Air Force base, and the Wing Commander is quite often considered to be the "Installation Commander." The US Air Force’s (USAF) Air Combat Command (ACC) 366th Fighter Wing is set to test a new experimental wing organisational structure that will evaluate possible ways to enhance squadron readiness, develop unit leaders and support innovation. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. 76 Squadron an army wing) and a "Naval Wing". As part of the restructure, the wing removed group commanders and vice commander positions from the wing structure so squadron commanders could report directly to the wing commander. The United States Navy follows the British structure in that a wing is an administrative formation commanding two or more squadrons of aircraft that are based on land. Each wing supervises the individual groups and squadrons in that state, district or commonwealth, which are the basic operational units of the organization. Separate operating agencies (SOA) were major Air Force subdivisions directly subordinate to HQ USAF and has all the "procedural (administrative and logistical) responsibilities" of a MAJCOM. It is a DRU because the unit's specific and focused duties, legal issues that necessitate the unit's independence, or other factors such as national security concerns. ..... 84 Figure 26.2. ..... 86 Figure 26.5. As well as continuing their functions as the commanding officers of the bases they were assigned to, they also serve as formation commanders to all squadrons and units duly assigned to them by 1 CDN AIR DIV HQ and AIRCOM HQ (regardless if they are physically located on the base in question or elsewhere; as witness 12 Wing in Nova Scotia, which has one unit, 443 Maritime Helicopter Squadron, based at Patricia Bay near CFB Esquimalt in British Columbia, on the other side of the country from Shearwater). The squadrons of a CVW are also assigned to administrative type wings (such as Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic). Component Numbered Air Force Structure..... 84 Figure 26.3. The Air Force Reserve Command shall be operated as a separate command of the Air Force. Naval Aviation (U.S. Navy and Marine Corps), Learn how and when to remove this template message, the term "wing" had been used in the cavalry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wing_(military_unit)&oldid=995405340, Articles needing additional references from July 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 21:28. The size of a wing (base) follows US usage (see below); it varies greatly and may comprise personnel numbering in the thousands. CONUS based AFRC units are assigned to AFRC. Maintenance and flying squadrons will remain separate and will continue doing, (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Monica Roybal) Carrier air wings are commanded by either a Navy Captain or a USMC Colonel with the title of "CAG" (Commander, Air Group), a legacy title from the former carrier air groups. With the consent of state governors, members or units of the Air National Guard may be appointed, temporarily or indefinitely, to be federally recognized members of the armed forces, in the active or inactive service of the United States. Army Air Forces wings that existed before 1947 are not comparable with the wings of the USAF. 9:29. ..... 90 Figure 26.7. By 1914, the naval wing had become the Royal Naval Air Service, and gained its independence from the Royal Flying Corps. As of 30 September 2006 USAF had 120 wings, including 57 flying (manned aircraft) wings. Such a wing is referred to as a Combat Wing Organization, which is comparable to a brigade in the US Army. How the Air Force is structured. Other wings, such as Air Expeditionary Wings, exist for various other purposes, and their scope may extend to one base, one theater or worldwide. 78 Wing No. The Royal Flying Corps was amalgamated with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918, creating the Royal Air Force. If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Air National Guard of the United States, which is one of two reserve components of the United States Air Force, and part of the National Guard of the United States. TINKER AIR FORCE BASE, Okla. – Reservists with the 507th Maintenance Squadron repaired a KC-135 Stratotanker engine cowling in-house that sustained damage by a bird strike Sept. 21, ultimately saving the Air Force more than $1 million. Remember, as with … The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho is experimenting with the new organizational structure beginning this month, ACC said in a May 17 release. World War II wings, for example, were very large administrative and operational organizations that usually controlled several combat groups and numerous service organizations, often located at widely scattered locations. Non-English equivalents of the British wing include the German Gruppe, Italian Gruppo, and French groupe. The tactical squadrons of the combat group, however, retained their separate and distinct numerical designations. According to Air Force Instruction 38-101 (1994): In the Civil Air Patrol, there are 52 wings (each of the 50 states plus Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico). We use wings and wing equivalents because the number of operations wings is Air Command. "The U.S. Army Air Service/U.S. Many mission support functions on these installations, such as personnel support and medical/dental facilities, are also independent of both the air wing and air station command structures and are independent tenant commands with their own commanding officers or officers-in-charge. Air forces of NATO member countries which use the term 'wing' to denote their main formations include the Spanish Air Force (Ala), the Hellenic Air Force (πτέρυγα [pteryga]), Royal Norwegian Air Force (luftving, Norwegian for air wing), Royal Danish Air Force (which adopted the English term wing directly, although the Danish word is vinge), the Belgian Air Component (also adopted the English term wing directly), the Polish Air Force (skrzydło) and the Slovak Air Force (krídlo). Among the NATO member countries the Turkish Air Force (Ana Üssü, Turkish for main base) and the Bulgarian Air Force (авиобаза [aviobaza], Bulgarian for air base or aviation base) use the term air base for their main formations. In all, there are 36 Air Training Corps wings in six regions within the United Kingdom, each of which is commanded by a RAFVR(T) wing commander. A carrier air wing (CVW, formerly known as a carrier air group) consists of several squadrons and is an operational formation that is based on an aircraft carrier. These expeditionary air wings consist of the deployable elements of the main operating base and other supplementary forces. Air Force leaders halted plans to perform a global wing restructure which was designed to realign fighter, bomber and rescue airlift maintenance units into flying squadrons. This reorganization changed the base command structure from the "wing commander/base commander" scheme to a single wing commander ("one base-one boss") with multiple groups under his command. The elements of command might change based on the type of unit, but the basic elements remain constant. The numbered air force (NAF) is a tactical echelon directly under an operational MAJCOM that provide operational leadership and supervision. The World War II German Luftwaffe Geschwader and Gruppe were similar to the wing and group of the United States Army Air Forces of the same era. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. Some wings, for example Delaware Wing, have only one group due to the small geographical and manpower size of the wing. The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. In the United States Marine Corps, a Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) is an overall command, equivalent to a Marine Division, consisting of at least two Marine Aircraft Groups, a Marine Air Control Group (MACG), a Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron (MWHS), and a Marine Wing Headquarters (the Wing Commander and his staff). The I-Wing concept evolved from an extensive review and analysis of Congress’ National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force report, originally delivered in 2014. The senior headquarters of the Department of the Air Force, Headquarters Air Force (HAF) consists of two staffs in the Pentagon: the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff. The Air Force has a very limited number of direct reporting units:. A squadron is commanded by a captain to lieutenant colonel, though a lieutenant colonel is the most common. In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. The commander of the Air Force Reserve Command reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. (b) Commander.— The Chief of Air Force Reserve is the Commander of the Air Force Reserve Command. When conducting missions for the Air Force as the official Air Force auxiliary, the Civil Air Patrol is now included in the Air Force's definition of the total force.. In most Commonwealth air forces, as well as some others, a wing is usually made up of three or four squadrons. Organisational structure has been initiated by ACC commander general Mike Holmes and changes at the 366th Fighter Wing are expected to begin … This month, the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, began testing a new wing structure that does away with aircraft maintenance squadron, group and vice wing … They support all distributed loads, as well as concentrated weights such as the fuselage, landing gear, and engines. These wings were temporary Table of Distribution (T/D) organizations, each having a combat group (the only Table of Organization establishment of the wings), an airdrome group, a maintenance and supply group, and a station medical group. A constituted squadron, the basic unit in the Air Force, may be a mission unit or a functional unit and may vary in size according to responsibility. Additionally countries influenced by the US in the building of their modern air forces also use the term wing. Recently HQ USAF gradually inactivated or redesignated divisions in an effort to encourage rapid decision-making and to create a more flat organizational structure without "middle management" units, and as such air divisions are rarely used. Basic Numbered and Named Air Force Structure (Does not apply to component Numbered Air Forces). Them flying establishments `` region '' which is comparable to a division in size, its general. 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