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alliaceae family pdf

alliaceae family pdf

This paper reports the discovery of two new characters based on the detailed micromorphology of the lodicules and epiblasts. lily family. - Onion, garlic, leek, shallots, and chives are all produced by plants in this family. & Fay, M.J. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 132-136. O alho pertencente à família Alliaceae, é uma planta herbácea, com folhas lanceoladas (alongadas), estreitas e cerosas, podendo atingir até 60 cm de altura, dependendo da cultivar. Amer. at maturity; leaves 2–4(–10). Ajeone was active against Plasmodium berghei in mice [46], thus validating at maturity; leaves (5–)25–75. endobj . . Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped 158 Botânica Sistemática e Econômica INTRODUÇÃO Em 1789, o botânico francês Antoine Laurent Jussieu, publicou a obra Genera Plantarum, onde dividiu o reino vegetal, com base no número de cotilédones, em três grupos: Acotyledones, onde incluía as criptógamas Alliaceae. This family is also known as Daisy family. Most are native to dry or moderately moist regions and other open areas. Batsch ex Borkh. Typisch sind die scheindoldigen Blütenstände (Blütenstand) und der Geruch der schwefelhaltigen Lauchöle (Allicin).Die größte und wichtigste Gatt. ily from the Leolo Mountains in Sekhukhuneland, South Africa. South Africa, is described and illustrated. The cytotaxonomy of the genus, VOSA, C.G. Garlic, Allium sativum (Family: Alliaceae) is one of the most important ingredients of human food and Ayurvedic medicines since ancient time. Email: Four genera of the Alliaceae are known to occur in, sub-Saharan Africa, in total comprising 35 indigenous. • Family Alliaceae • Native to Middle Asia • 1st cultivated 5,000 years ago • Introduced to America in the 1700s • Herbaceous, cool-season, perennial • Comprised of multiple cloves • Only hard neck varieties produce flowers Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level It consists of c. 10 genera of cormous plants principally from western N. America (British Columbia to northern Guatemala). PDF Abstract. hindus, egípcios, gregos e romanos da antiguidade, pertencendo à família Alliaceae é originária da Ásia Central, especialmente do noroeste da Índia e do Afeganistão. . SABONET, Pretoria. AMARANTHACEAE Achyranthes aspera Alternanthera caracasana Alternanthera obovata Amaranthus acutilobus Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus muricatus Amaranthus palmeri Amaranthus powellii Amaranthus viridis Afirmação 7. Bot. . ITS indicates that C. baumii is more closely related to Ammocharis and Cybistetes than to Crinum sensu stricto. Plants of the amplified C. longifolia have fewer, large seeds in Namaqualand and the Richtersveld and smaller, more numerous seeds in the Western Cape. (3)At both scales of our analyses we found poor support for the predicted relationship between diversification and the evolution of latex and resin canals. Generative reproduction in Allium oleraceum (Alliaceae) Helena Åström & Carl-Adam Hæggström Department of Ecology and Systematics, P.O. uuid:b2375f72-a611-11b2-0a00-206b447cff7f Economic Uses: -Allium is of great economic importance and several species are widely cultivated. Such hook-, like leaf apices have not previously been recorded for, the Alliaceae. They are part of order Asparagales This page was last changed on 11 November 2019, at 17:47. The leaves grow from a bulb at the base of the plant. The family includes herbaceous (nonwoody) monocot plants that are generally perennial but not evergreen. The family Themidaceae Salisb. . Striking rose to purple flowers with a darker purple crescent at 2009. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. Pak. Numele subfamiliei este derivat din numele generic al genului de tip, Allium. One species Carina bidentata is tropical African. This type of folding is proposed as a taxonomic character to distinguish the dehydrated pollen grains of this genus from pollen grains of other members of the Allioideae. A one-way and restricted gene flow from A. fatua to A. sativa is assumed to occur between these two coexisting species. Plants are easily uprooted when pass-, leaves function as an additional mechanism of short, other recorded instance of hooked leaf apices assisting, Kunth. Download PDF. 1b Leaves narrowly to broadly lorate, at least some falcate, 2a Flowers with style included in perigone tube. ALLIACEAE: ONION FAMILY (also Liliaceae or Amaryillidaceae) Onion, garlic, leek, and chive. (Arecaceae), the Chilean wine palm (C.G. In the case of, the palm, this unusual phenomenon has been observed in, young plants. . . 2017-06-21T11:04:30-07:00 2002. . Meyer, Plants of southern. Caracteriza-se por ser uma espécie polimórfica que exibe diferenças quanto à cor e nível de cerosidade das folhas, ao formato, tamanho e cor dos bulbos, e à reação ao Overall such hypotheti-, mean that the macromorphological uniformity observed, in nature in its populations hides a complex and spe-, cialized genomic arrangement. 1959.—The inflorescence is described for Allium neapolitanum, A. roseum, A. hirsutum, A. subhirsutum, A. zebdanense and A. erdelii, species of Molium, a Mediterranean section of the genus. Les Alliacées (Alliaceae) sont une famille de plantes, classée dans l'ordre des Asparagales.Les membres possibles de cette famille sont encore à l'étude et la classification peut encore varier : En classification classique de Cronquist (1981), cette famille n'existait pas et ces plantes étaient assignées à la famille des Liliaceae. The pollen morphology of these species is studied with the use of scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy. hick-textured, whitish or yellowish tepals with a broad, reen or brown longitudinal band on the adaxial surface, epals are thin- or thick-textured with a narrow or indis-, inct median band and veins not tightly aggregated in, he middle of the tepals, and the outer veins are often ±. A Inflorescências em umbela, flores epigínicas. Dehydrated grains of both Prototulbaghia species are also triangular in shape after folding due to the length of the sulcus and the thickening of sexine elements in the centre thereof. southwards from the sand plains of the Richtersveld, through the Namaqualand lowlands to the sand, Cape (Figure 16). O alho pertencente à família Alliaceae, é uma planta herbácea, com folhas lanceoladas (alongadas), estreitas e cerosas, podendo atingir até 60 cm de altura, dependendo da cultivar. In R.M. 6b Perigone tube 50–90 mm long . Sinosenecio is revealed to have four basic chromosome numbers: x=13, 24, 29, and 30, with 24 and 30 being predominant and 13 and 29 each occurring in one species only. However, many of the over 250 species of. A review with emphasis on succulents, VOSA, C.G. J. Apiaceae, also called Umbelliferae, the parsley family, in the order Apiales, comprising between 300 and 400 genera of plants distributed throughout a wide variety of habitats, principally in the north temperate regions of the world. uuid:b2375665-a611-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 . Synopsis of the family Alliaceae Bork. Petronymphe is not a member of this group but rather belongs in Anthericaceae. Alliaceae es una familia de plantas herbáceas perennes y con flor, normalmente poseen bulbo, aunque en algunos casos tienen rizoma, las podemos encontrar generalmente en las regiones templadas, cálidas y subtropicales.. . . . Amaryllidaceae tribus Allieae Hutchinson (1934). . in the wild and in cultivation). . The various morphological, micromorphological and cytological attributes, Chromosome morphology and number in 28 species of Sinosenecio, two of Tephroseris and one of Nemosenecio (Senecioneae-Asteraceae) from China were investigated. LEAF EPIDERMAL ANATOMY OF SELECTED ALLIUM SPECIES, FAMILY ALLIACEAE FROM PAKISTAN ZUBAIDA YOUSAF 1, ZABTA KHAN SHINWARI2, REHANA ASGHAR AND ANJUM PARVEEN3 1Department of Botany, University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan 2Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat and 3Department of Botany, University of Karachi, … Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales Alliaceae - Onion family Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. Prototulbaghia siebertii. It is suggested that the infructescence of C. longifolia. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. . Phylogenetic and biogeographical analyses of nrDNA ITS and plastid trnL-F sequences for all continental groups of the genus Crinum and related African genera are presented, with the genus Amaryllis used as outgroup. drooping on ground; fruit walls smooth, membranous: 5a Bulb 20–51 mm diam. Foi encontrada 1 chave inversa. 46(10): 730–739. A Androceu com dez ou mais estames. Appligent AppendPDF Pro 5.5 . endstream The genus Crinum L. is the only pantropical genus of the Amaryllidaceae. juntamente com Alliaceae s.s. e Agapanthaceae, está subordinada à Alliaceae s.l. 3 Capitulo I - Classificação das hortaliças em 1808, que trouxe o costume da França. Roots: They have tap root system and the roots are branched. rather symmetrical and generally quite uniform in the species of similar MILNE-REDHEAD, E. & SCHWEICKERDT, H.G. All rights reserved. Acaulescent or short-stemmed biennial or perennial geophytes; alliaceous odour often present; stem usually swollen and often forming a bulb, tuberous rhizome or rarely a corm, enveloped … Exibir Ocultar. cons. Percurso. Afirmações não escolhidas. . . The 'Alliaceae' have been treated as Allieae within the family Liliaceae (or Aspholecaceae, a partial synonym) by most authorities since. 1. chromosome number in respect of chromosome constitution, albeit with some variation in chromosome size among species. Allium species, the most important genus of the Alliaceae family, are among the oldest cultivated vegetables. Christopher Columbus’ crews planted onions in Hispaniola as early as 1494, and the vegetable was mentioned as … . No presente trabalho, a classificação adotada é: Sub-divisão – Angiospermae; Classe – Monocotiledoneae; Sub-classe – Liliidae; Ordem – Liliales; Família – Alliaceae; Gênero – Allium e Espécie - Allium cepa L. Além da cebola, o gênero Allium inclui outras espécies de importância econômica como o alho (A. sativum L.), o alho porró (A. ampeloprasum L. var. . Isozyme variation in diploid, tropical and octoploid subtropical-temperate species of, ing plants of sub-Saharan Africa. Within each bostryx the flowers open in a strict sequence from oldest to youngest; among the bostryxes, the 4 peripheral ones flower first, usually starting with the first bostryx to be differentiated. It is remarkable that such a showy, past. 42: 684, 685. : 32 (1858), nom. Distribution of Araceae 3. Scale bars: A, B, 1 mm. 5 0 obj The incidence of Seus representantes mais comumente conhecidos são as margaridas, os crisântemos e os girassóis.Segundo a informação advinda do Jardim Botânico Royal, a família das asteráceas comporta 1600 gêneros e 23000 espécies, sendo que alguns dos gêneros mais vastos possuem mais de 1000 espécies. is resurrected and recircumscribed. © 2003 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 141, 349–363. Alliaceae Alliaceae. I use the GRIN online query system to determine plant families. (1887). . The apices. Follow‐up analyses clarified that the qualitative change between our results and those of the Farrell et al. The leaves are undivided and longer than wide, with parallel veins. Contudo, a camada mais pobre da população não tinha o costume de comer as hortaliças, somen- Kativu, S. (2002) Alliaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 18(1) 72-76 Alliaceae definition is - a family of monocotyledonous plants comprising chiefly the genus Allium which is now usually included in the family Liliaceae. Meyer. der Asparagales mit ca. . wurde nach der früheren Systematik den Liliaceae zugeordnet. In, this metaphase, there are 24 chiasmata, 23 non-localized and one, proximal to centromere indicated by larger arrow. Sinosenecio, Bothalia - African Biodiversity and Conservation, Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, Do latex and resin canals spur plant diversification? The broad patterns of phylogenetic relation-. The Allium inflorescence: some species of the section Molium. (1)The association between increased lineage diversification rates and the evolution of latex and resin canals is widely cited as a paradigmatic example of Ehrlich and Raven's “escape‐and‐radiate” hypothesis of coevolution. . The salverform, actinomorphic perianths of subg. Central to these 4 peripheral bostryxes are several smaller ones which differentiate later and decrease in flower number toward the inflorescence center. Prototulbaghia, a new genus of the Alliaceae family from the Leolo Mountains in Sekhukhuneland, South Africa Vosa* Canio Giuseppe Linacre College, Oxford Abstract —Anew monotypic genus of the Alliaceae family, Prototulbaghia, endemic of an isolated range of moun-tains in … Jour. 2 fifteenth century, Europeans began introducing different cultivars and landraces to parts of the New World. . KeywordsAsteraceae–Chromosome number–Cytotaxonomy–Karyotype–Polyphyly– Canna indica is a favourite garden plant, cultivated in almost all parts of the world. No mundo, a cebola é a terceira hortaliça em … Codonocrinum), thus neither subgenus is monophyletic. . 2, were isolated from the bulb of Allium sativum (commonly known as garlic), a plant traditionally used in Nigeria for the treatment of malaria, among diverse uses [45]. onion family. era in the subfamily. Compton Herbarium, South African National Biodiversity Institute, * Millennium Seed Bank Partnership, Namibia, c/o National Botani-. A new monotypic genus of the Alliaceae family, Prototulbaghia, endemic of an isolated range of mountains in N.E. 3b Perigone segments recurved at anthesis but never spirally: 4a Pedicels not elongating after anthesis; infructescence. This attitude is based mainly on morphology, because of the existence of different intermediate forms, and partly on the belief that A. sativa is a product of selection by man from A. fatua. The Allium genus includes more than 700 species widely distributed all over the 1982. 1a Leaves linear, straight, ± erect . Two entries into Australia for the genus are indicated, as are separate Sino-Himalayan and Australasian dispersal events. . Not only are there some common veggies, but there are also some frequently used herbs. não escolhidas. However, it has been over a quarter‐century since the original study, and updates to phylogenetic comparative methods, plant molecular systematics, and phenotypic data warrant a reassessment of this classic finding. al Research Institute, Private Bag 13184, Windhoek, Namibia. Alliaceae у Watson L., Dallwitz M.J. 1992 — данас. 2017-06-21T11:04:30-07:00 We therefore argue that theoretical and empirical work aimed at understanding ecological factors that condition “escape‐and‐radiate” dynamics will allow for more nuanced tests of the hypothesis in the future. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) Leight. <> It includes the plants that are normally cultivated for ornamental flowers as well as for oil value. Observations of the cytology discussed above provide, evidence of a diagnostic character that provides support, divisions of the genus into sections based on, in many cases seem to follow independent evolutionary, Available molecular phylogenetic analyses of, Alliaceae support a close relationship between, lar analyses, the potentially misleading effects of poor, taxon sampling on phylogenetic analyses and their appli-, to long arms of two involved chromosomes (small arrows). At a broad scale (across clades), we used sister‐clade comparisons to test whether 28 canal‐bearing clades had higher net diversification rates than their canal‐lacking sister clades. LEAF EPIDERMAL ANATOMY OF SELECTED ALLIUM SPECIES, FAMILY ALLIACEAE FROM PAKISTAN ZUBAIDA YOUSAF 1, ZABTA KHAN SHINWARI2, REHANA ASGHAR AND ANJUM PARVEEN3 1Department of Botany, University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan 2Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat and 3Department of Botany, University of Karachi, … . 1975. É uma família grande, abrange cerca de 3.700 espécies distribuídas em 455 gêneros. Economic Importance 4. South Africa, is … Genera See text Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. endobj Afirms. The pollen grains of both Prototulbaghia species are oblate-spheroidal with a reticulate surface ornamentation, the sulcus membrane contains sexine elements (pila), and the wall is thick. Illus. <> gehören Gemüse-, Gewürz- und Arneipflanzen, u.a. . Atlas of Namibia: a portrait of the land and its people. Micromorphology and cytology of Prototulbaghia siebertii, with notes on its taxonomic significance. Report No. NORDAL, I. From the Alliaceae family, ajoene (1) and allicin (2), Fig. The present study confirms earlier reports that plant and animal polyploids display more genetic variation and biochemical diversity than do diploid species. <> leaves is somewhat pruinose, especially distally, and, near the apex is a single row of tiny translucent, almost, glass-like teeth directed toward the apex. Plants were housed in a greenhouse at. ower scape emerges, gradually drying off. have not been examined for this character. 956, 957. . The spreading, shiny, dark green leaves of, 17B), which turn black in dried material. 2, were isolated from the bulb of Allium sativum (commonly known as garlic), a plant traditionally used in Nigeria for the treatment of malaria, among diverse uses [45]. . Genera See text Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. A fost tratată anterior ca o familie separată, Alliaceae. J. Minisatellite telomeres occur in the family Alliaceae but are lost in Allium Plants of Southern Africa: An annotated Checklist, Resurrection of Themidaceae for the Brodiaea alliance, and Recircumscription of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae, Phylogeny and biogeography of Crinum L. (Amaryllidaceae) inferred from nuclear and limited plastid non-coding DNA sequences, Atmospheric field station measurments (Welgegund), The effect of agriculture and urbanization on predacious arthropod diversity of grasslands, Forb ecology of tropical and subtropical grassy ecosystems. The row of, teeth forms a type of low central keel between two indis-, tinct keels on the abaxial surface as described by V, (2007) (Figure 18B). Stem: The stem is erect, branched and cylindrical. The family Themidaceae Salisb. Biogeographical analyses place the origin of Crinum in southern Africa, as the region is optimized at all ancestral nodes in the tree topology, and in basal interior nodes of all but one of the major clades. AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Linux Kernel 2.6 64bit Oct 2 2014 Library 10.1.0 endobj Alliaceae The Onion Family 13 genera 600 species Distribution: Widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions; also present in semiarid regions. Polhill, mishuizen & N.L. Lett… Generic limits in Hyacinthaceae: Ornithogaloideae, have been intensively reviewed in recent years using, molecular techniques (Stedje 1998; Pfosser & Speta, ships in the subfamily are now clear but various options, exist for the translation of these patterns into a generic. . This article is protected by copyright. Click on the botanical name of any plant to go to the plant portrait. Lilies are perennial herbs that grow from rhizomes or bulbs. thick-textured, whitish or yellowish tepals with a broad, green or brown longitudinal band on the adaxial surface, associated with 3–5 mostly simple, medially aggre-, tepals are thin- or thick-textured with a narrow or indis-, tinct median band and veins not tightly aggregated in, the middle of the tepals, and the outer veins are often ±, Several collections of narrow-leaved plants from the. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Heath, There is an obvious need for a well-sampled molecular, the Alliaceae, to test proposed generic demarcations and, toward the distal abaxial part below the apex; laticifers, is covered by short, whitish, glandular hairs; keel present, towards the base, single, persistent, ridge-like, with trans-, are light green in the lower half; inner segments are 4.3, ARCHER, C. 2003. Prototulbaghia, a new genus of the Alliaceae family from the Leolo Mountains in Sekhukhuneland, South Africa Vosa* Canio Giuseppe Linacre College, Oxford Abstract —Anew monotypic genus of the Alliaceae family, Prototulbaghia, endemic of an isolated range of moun-tains in N.E. Plant grown from seed originally collected near Schoonoord, Leolo Mountains, Sekhukhuneland. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. . . B Androceu com menos de dez estames. The estimated proportions of polymorphic loci for the tropical species appear low, 28.6 percent and 22.7 percent, respectively. . Alliaceae. Although macro-, lected from the wild in November 2005 and culti-, vated in clay pots in a mixture of compost, peat, sand, and garden soil. . . Scale bar: 10, cations should be kept in mind (e.g. . Batsch ex Borkh. N of main mine road, 560 m, (–CD), 17 Mar. The revised cytotaxonomy of the genus. Re‐examining a classic example of escape and radiate coevolution, Pollen morphology and folding of Prototulbaghia Vosa (Amaryllidaceae), South Africa, A taxonomic re-assessment of Ammocharis herrei and Cybistetes longifolia (Amaryllideae: Amaryllidaceae), Atlas of Namibia: A Portrait of the Land and its People, THE ALLIUM INFLORESCENCE: SOME SPECIES OF THE SECTION MOLIUM, Regions of floristic endemism in southern Africa. Spores of progenies showed several abnormal spores with result of irregular and uncertain meiosis of the genome. * Compton Herbarium, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Private Bag X7, 7735 Cape Town. PI. 5b Bulb 90–160 mm diam. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. (Onions) of Asian part of Russia. The pollen is compared with that of representatives from the sister genus Tulbaghia (Tulbaghia simmleri and Tulbaghia violacea) and sister tribe Leucocoryneae (Nothoscordum borbonicum). & SCHAAL, B.A. showing tiny teeth directed towards apex of leaf. 60–130 mm diam. polyploidy is low in the genus. Las Aliáceas (Alliaceae) son una familia de plantas herbáceas, perennes y bulbosas pertenecientes al orden Asparagales, dentro del clado de las monocotiledóneas.Normalmente poseen bulbo, aunque en algunos casos tienen rizoma. 2 0 obj 1985) have suggested an affinity with Agavaceae Dumort. Allicin, a key component of garlic reduces blood pressure by inhibiting angiotensin II and vasodilating effects 13 . 6 0 obj . The leaves … 2b Flowers with style well-exserted from perigone throat: 3a Perigone segments with apex spirally recurved at anthe-. contention that A. sativa and A. fatua constitute a single species. Most members are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. . We propose How­ ever, other authors (e.g., Cave 1948, 1970; Dahlgren et al. . . When Sinosenecio is re-circumscribed in this way, not only does the genus Sinosenecio itself tend to be monophyletic, but the subtribe Tephroseridinae, which is composed of Nemosenecio, Sinosenecio, and Tephroseris, also may consequently become a better characterized and thus more acceptable group. studies, and strongly indicates that Sinosenecio as currently construed is a polyphyletic group, badly needing a taxonomic re-circumscription at the generic level. . The octoploid species had a much higher estimated proportion of polymorphic loci, 46.1 percent, and exhibited complex allozyme phenotypes at some loci. Afirmação 1. Several abnormalities, such as variation in frond, pinnae morphology and venation pattern have been observed. . Also called the composite family, or the daisy family, asteraceae is a huge family of over 23,000 species of plant, including – you guessed it – daisies. Agapanthus is misplaced in Alliaceae and, despite its superior ovary, should be considered a member of Amaryllidaceae, as subfamily Agapanthoideae. Prototulbaghia is a genus within the Tulbaghieae in subfamily Allioideae (Amaryllidaceae) and comprises two species restricted to the northeastern escarpment of South Africa. Species in the Alliaceae are perennial herbs. Description: Monocots, push up leaves from base, long thin leaves, flowers in racemes, store nourishment in swollen bulbs (underground shoots), long life cycle, mostly biennial or perennial. Liliaceae subfam. . iddle reaches of the Orange River in Northern Cape, To improve the scientific understanding of Ecosystem Resilience through the application of forb ecology research in tropical and subtropical grassy ecosystems, Many authorities consider that Avena sativa and A. fatua constitute a single species. . 1939. & SPECHT, C.D. In this circumscription. Inflorescence structure is similar among these 6 species. is similar to that which is diagnostic for Cybistetes longifolia (L.) Milne-Redh. . © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Apart from the long arms of, the longest chromosome of the complement which are, unpaired (Figure 19), crossing over appears to be non-, localized. Amaryllidaceae. The leaves be confined to the base of the plant, or they may be borne on a stem and then are alternate, opposite, or whorled. Allicin, a key component of garlic reduces blood pressure by inhibiting angiotensin II and vasodilating effects 13 . This family is also known as Daisy family. Die Fam. . Plant family: alliaceae . In G. Germishuizen & N.L. Roots: They have tap root system and the roots are branched. & Fay, M.J. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 132-136. Meyer, Plants of southern. ist Lauch, Allium.Zu dieser Gatt. that only those Sinosenecio species with x=30 should be retained in the newly defined genus, whereas those with x=24 (rarely 13) (except for S. newcombei and S. koreanus which may find a home in Tephroseris) may be described as a new genus or preferably transferred to the genus Nemosenecio, and that S. hainanensis, the only Sinosenecio species having x=29 and a suite of unique morphological and palynological characters, should be described as a new monospecific genus, Hainanecio, possibly positioned in the subtribe Senecioninae.

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